S2: Why data interoperability matters to warfighters and first responders
Why data interoperability matters to warfighters and first responders: Building artificial Intelligence tools for biological and chemical emergency response and countermeasures
US Army Engineer Research and Development Center
Hazard data exists in many formats, in many places, for many chemicals. However, in crisis and emergency situations, such as chemical spills, urban combat scenarios, explosive ordnance disposal, and in cases where state and non-state actors may use banned chemical and biological weapons, our warfighters and first responders need hazard information quickly to mount an appropriate response. To create better tools that help inform warfighters and first responders as to appropriate countermeasures when they encounter potentially hazardous substances, we need our data to be in an interoperable format. In addition, to create better models that help the Army develop more effective weapons, smoke screens, and energetics, that are less hazardous to our warfighters, we also need access to more and better data to generate better computational toxicology tools. To achieve these ends, we need better and more interoperable data. In this talk I will discuss some of the efforts ongoing at the US Army ERDC to make toxicological data more interoperable, to facilitate discovery and reuse, and how we will use ontologies, Bayesian networks, and future technologies to deploy countermeasures and make better decisions about Army material development.